Kstson nyt vain jugoslavian lounaiskulman karttaa jokaon ajalta 1938.
Slovenia jaettiin seuraavasti.
2. Krajnska . Alueen pääkaupunki on Ljubljana ( Laibach)
2a Gorenjska ( Alta Carniola) Oberkrain. Tällä alueella oli Bohinj-järvi ja Bled-järvi. Bohinj-järvi seutu on Hinterland aluetta ja siellä on I maailmansodan sotilashautausmaita sekä poliitisten vankien hautauspaikkoja (Koprivnik, Srenja, Ukane, Planina na Kraju) Small war Musem ( Mali vojni muzei 19899. Trigla alppi ja sen luonnonpuistoalue., Slovenian korkein kohta.
Suurin osa Slovenian juutalaisista asui Prekmurjessa, jonka kunnista oli kolme pääasiassa luterilaista ja yhdessä oli runsaammin myös juutalaisia moravske Toplica ( Murska Sobota ja Lendava) .
1921, the total population of the area numbered 92,295 people, including 74,199 Slovene speakers, 14,065 speakers of Hungarian, and 2,540 German speakers. Since then, the number of Hungarian speakers has been falling slowly but steadily. The German-speaking community, which used to be concentrated in three villages near the Austrian border and in Murska Sobota, was either expelled from the area or assimilated after World War II.
Since the early 1950s, Hungarian has had co-official status in the traditional settlement area of the Hungarian minority. Three municipalities are completely bilingual—Lendava (Hungarian: Lendva), Hodoš (Hungarian: Hodos), and Dobrovnik (Hungarian: Dobronak)—and the two municipalities of Šalovci and Moravske Toplice are only partially bilingual. Two municipalities, Hodoš and Dobrovnik, have a Hungarian majority.
Prekmurje has traditionally been the most heterogeneous Slovene region regarding religious affiliation. Besides a Roman Catholic majority, there is a significant Protestant (mostly Lutheran) minority, concentrated in the Goričko hills, which represents between one fourth and one fifth of the population of Prekmurje. Three municipalities have a Lutheran majority (Puconci, Gornji Petrovci, and Hodoš), while in Moravske Toplice, Lutherans form just under half of the population.
Before World War II, there used to be a significant Jewish community as well, mostly concentrated in the towns of Murska Sobota and Lendava (see also: Lendava Synagogue). In the 1930s, two-thirds of all Slovenian Jews lived in Prekmurje. Most of them perished in the Holocaust. There is also a significant Romani presence in the region, with Prekmurje being one of the two major settlement areas of Slovenian Romani (the other being Lower Carniola).
Holocaust in SloveniaDuring World War II, the economic prominent and organised Jewish community was also annihilated within today’s Slovenian territory.World War II was one of the darkest chapters in the history of Judaism in Slovenia. At that time the most powerful Jewish community lived in Prekmurje, particularly in the area of Lendava (Hungarian Lendva, German Unter-Limbach) and Murska Sobota (Hungarian Muraszombat, German Olsnitz). In 1944 they suffered a fatal blow by mass destruction in Nazi concentration camps; most Jews died in the notorious Auschwitz.
Righteous Among the NationsDespite severe repression you could find individuals among Slovenians who were ready to help save their Jewish population. They were in that minority who managed to maintain human values at a time of complete moral collapse, and believed that the persecuted Jews should be protected and saved. These were the ‘righteous among the nations’, who were later given special international recognition for their unselfish help during the persecution of Jews, and their names are recorded on memorial plaques and engraved on walls in the Yad Vashem Garden of the ‘Righteous Among the Nations ‘, in Israel.
Among the Slovenian righteous are
- Uroš Žun,
- Andrej Tumpej,
- Zora Pičulin,
- Ivan Breskvar,
- Franjo Punčuh,
- Ivan Župančič,
- Olga Neuman (Rajšek)
- Martina Marković Levec
In compliance with recent findings, however, it is currently believed that there are a few more Slovenians who are going to be given this deserving recognition shortly.